what is salvia

However, the immense diversity in staminal structure, vegetative habit, and floral morphology of the species within Salvia has opened the debate about its infrageneric classifications. Our experts continually monitor the health and wellness space, and we update our articles when new information becomes available. Salvia is often marketed as a “legal high” or a “natural high,” but that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t take precautions if you use it.

  1. Although these effects, or “the high,” can be short lived, some people may experience a salvia “high” for several hours.
  2. Other varieties have hallucinogenic properties when chewed, smoked, or steeped in tea.
  3. However, drinking too much sage tea or ingesting sage essential oils — which should be avoided in any case — may have toxic effects.
  4. This rotting plant tissue will move throughout the root system, making its way towards the base of the stem.
  5. Salvia is not a heavy feeder, meaning it does not require much fertilizer.

The most common species are Salvia officinalis, nemorosa, sylvestris, pratensis, and superba. Salvia, commonly referred to as woodland sage, violet sage, or balkan clary, is an herbaceous perennial that is in the Lamiaceae family. The Lamiaceae family is also referred to as “the mint family” and is the largest family of the plant order Lamiales. Diviner’s sage (S. divinorum), known colloquially as salvia, is a hallucinogenic plant native to Mexico. The plant has historically been used by shamans to achieve altered states of consciousness and has grown in popularity as a recreational drug; the leaves can be eaten or smoked.

In one study, daily use of a sage supplement significantly reduced the number and intensity of hot flashes over eight weeks (14). But there are still some common pests that can create problems with your salvia depending on the variety you’ve chosen to plant. Botrytis blight occurs in overly wet climates and is generally 7 topics covered in group therapy for substance abuse seen in early spring when most precipitation happens, or in warm humid climates. Salvia is fairly disease resistant, but there are still a number of diseases that they can encounter, depending on the species you’ve decided to plant. Let’s take a look at some of the more common diseases you’ll encounter.

Join gardening expert Jenna Rich for a harvesting basil how-to. These new shoots can be divided and grown in other locations or given away! Let your Salvia plant grow for at least 2 to 3 years before division to let the plant get well established and adapted to its new area. These will all aid in breaking up the heavy clay and allow more air and water flow into your soil. It can tolerate clay soils, however they will benefit if the clay is amended to create aeration and drainage. However, this does not mean you should actively keep salvia dry.

Salvia officinalis

Another small handful of states have decriminalized salvia possession, so you won’t be arrested if you’re found with the plant or extracts. Although these effects, or “the high,” can be short lived, some people may experience a salvia “high” for several hours. While salvia is legal in some states, it’s still a powerful drug with real effects and possible risks.

what is salvia

This climate flexibility makes them a great option for many home gardeners around the world. It tends to grow best in south facing areas as these areas tend to receive the most sunlight. Before planting in my yard, I like to observe which areas receive sun alcohol use disorder treatment at certain parts of the day to find the best location for my plants. Today, many states have laws on the books that outlaw buying, possessing, or selling salvia. Some states have age restrictions, and some states outlaw salvia extracts but not the plant.

This approach would require only 15 name changes whereas maintaining the five small genera and renaming various Salvia taxa would require over 700 name changes. In the video, the then-18-year-old singer and actress was filmed smoking salvia in a water bong. The video brought the spotlight of attention to this drug, and some state legislators began introducing laws restricting the sale and use of this plant. For example, 0.1 to 0.3 grams of 5x salvia extract may be considered safe. If you try 10x salvia extract, a safe range may be between 0.05 and 0.15 grams. If you’re smoking dried leaves, a dose of 1/4 gram to 1 gram is considered safe for consumption.

Are side effects or risks possible?

It fares best in warmer climates and should receive at least 6 to 8 hours of sun per day, although it can grow in partial shade. Salvia likes a south-facing exposure and plenty of space to spread. Summary Sage is safe to eat and has no reported side effects, though consuming sage essential oils or too much sage tea may be linked to adverse effects. You can also purchase sage products, such as sage tea and sage extract supplements. In both younger and older adults, sage appears to improve memory and brain function (24, 25).

what is salvia

Salvia nemorosa is an herbaceous perennial that forms 1-3’ clumps of dark green to grayish foliage. It has a generous bloom season that usually begins in early summer and ends in late fall. These unique flowers grow in upright, spikey looking racemes that typically display shades of purple, but can also be found in white. Salvia species include annual, biennial, or perennial herbaceous plants, along with woody subshrubs. The stems are typically angled like other members in Lamiaceae.

Propagating Salvias

Because salvia is drought-tolerant, it doesn’t require a lot of water once established. The soil should dry out between water; salvia doesn’t like wet feet. Although it can endure dry stretches and is known to bounce back from periods of drought, salvia does better with consistent watering. Look for signs of stress indicating that plants are too dry, such as shriveled leaves, dry or cracking soil, or stems leaning over. Water at the base of the plant, preferably in the morning or afternoon to help the soil dry enough to reduce diseases caused by overwatering.

End of Season Maintenance

Remember that soaking your plants at a less frequent rate is better than a light watering every day. Be sure to let the soil dry out in between waterings to let the roots breathe and prevent disease. This plant is notorious for its ability to withstand periods of drought. As with dried leaves, the fresh leaves aren’t considered very potent, but some people may experience a mild effect. The salvia extracts may also be infused in drinks or vaporizer pens.

Higher doses also elevated mood and increased alertness, calmness and contentedness (23). Those taking the sage extract performed better on tests that measured memory, problem-solving, reasoning and other cognitive abilities (21). Summary While sage may lower blood sugar levels by increasing insulin sensitivity, more human research is needed.

While it does not require heavy amounts of fertilizer, fertilizing can benefit plants that have been established for more than one season or are planted in less than fertile soils. A common plant disease, powdery mildew is a grayish white powdery substance that forms on the tops of leaves. It is usually seen in warm, wet conditions where the leaves do not have a chance to dry out. Salvia sylvestris ‘May Night’ prolifically blooms in dark purple spike like flowers, creating a striking amount of color to any area or landscape. This variety grows about 18 inches tall and wide, creating a neat, rounded shape. Salvia can be a great addition to almost any landscape or planting area due to its minimal needs and its neat, dense growing habit.

Can you grow salvia in containers?

One review noted that sage may treat throat infections, dental abscesses, infected gums and mouth ulcers. However, more human research is needed to make comprehensive recommendations (11). In a test-tube study, a sage-based essential oil was shown to kill and halt the spread of Candida albicans, drug metabolism drugs a fungus that may also cause cavities (9, 10). In one study, a sage-based mouthwash was shown to effectively kill the Streptococcus mutans bacteria, which is notorious for causing dental cavities (7, 8). Summary Sage is rich in nutrients — especially vitamin K — despite being low in calories.